CONCLUDING REMARKS
Published at: http://www.archania.org
September 19, 2017
After the first world war, the League of Nations was founded to maintain world peace. However,
it was not very successful at this, because 20 years after its inauguration the second world war
started. Due to the failure of the League of Nations, it was renamed and reorganized into United
Nations after the second world war. Although the United Nations has achieved some success,
there are some serious issues which prevents it from functioning optimally:
1. Electing people to represent us in other elections generates room for corruption
Since the world population is not directly involved in electing the people working for
the United Nations, there is room for corruption between the national governments
and the United Nations. In a system where the world population is directly involved
in electing the people working for the world government, there will be much less room
for corruption, and the world government will be much more in tune with the world
population.
National Government
United Nations
Population
Room for corruption
National Government
World Government
Population
Figure 1: How there will be less room for corruption if the world population is directly
involved in electing the people working for the world government.
1. Permanent veto rights in the Security Council are undemocratic and prevents reform.
Giving certain countries permanent veto rights in the United Nations Security Council
reflects a static and undemocratic world view. Some of the authoritarian regimes with
veto rights have also prevented the United Nations from engaging to stop genocides
and ethnic cleansing. The United Nations would have been much more democratic and
functional without any veto rights. However, the countries with permanent veto rights
can use their veto rights to prevent any reform that takes away their veto right, so it is
highly unlikely that such a reform will ever happen.
2. Peacekeepers from the United Nations are not allowed to engage in offensive operations.
This is the primary reason why the League of Nations failed, and why there has been
many wars and genocides during the last century. In 1994 UN failed to prevent the
Rwandan genocide, and in 1995 UN failed to prevent the Srebrenica massacre. If the
biggest and most powerful army in the world belonged to the UN, any country that did
not conform with UN law would be disciplined by the UN army. The UN could also
command all world leaders to get rid of nuclear weapons, and set a maximum size for
national armies. This would reduce the global military expenditure.
We propose a new progressive world democracy, where the world population is directly involved
in electing the people working for the world government, and where peacekeepers are allowed
to engage in offensive operations. The aim of this world government is not just to maintain world
peace, but also to reduce global wealth inequality and to prevent an ecological collapse. With the
proposed world government our civilization is expected to be in a lower energy level, since there
will be less friction between countries then and therefore less global military expenditure (Fig-
ure 2). There is however a huge energy barrier consisting mostly of nationalistic beliefs, between
the current multinational world and the proposed world government. We need to overcome this
energy barrier to get a world government.
0
1
2
3
4
5
Multinational world
(local minimum)
Energy barrier
(nationalistic beliefs)
World government
(global minimum)
Friction between countries
(military expenditure)
Energy level
Figure 2: How the current multinational world is in a local minimum which is expected to be on
a higher energy level than the proposed world government.
The global demographic transition
The world population is currently undergoing a demographic transition towards a more mature
world population. In 1950 most of the world population were children, while we have much
more adults today. In the future we are expecting to have even more old people.[1]
% Males % Females
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-100
Age Group
% Males % Females
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-100
Age Group
1950 Expected in 2050
Immature population More wise population?
Demographic Transition
Figure 3: The demographic transition towards maybe a more wise world population.
Even though really old people tend to need care, they usually also have more life experiences,
and can therefore have more wisdom and understanding than children. Childish conversations
are presumably much more prevalent in societies that are dominated by children than in societies
that are dominated by adults. We might also expect societies to be less organized if they are
dominated by children. So the future might not look so bleak after all, and a more mature world
population might be more interested in promoting a progressive world democracy.
The holocene calendar and a modern approach to holidays and celebrations
Even though the human species has existed for several hundred thousand years, the first agrarian
civilizations started to emerge about 10 000 years ago. The paleontologist Cesare Emilian there-
fore proposed to add 10 000 years to the Gregorian calendar[2]. This seems like a good idea, since
most of human history would be included in the positive integers of such a calendar, and that
might have a unifying effect on the cultures and societies of today. Many holidays are celebrated
solely because of social conformity to traditional norms. Celebrations could however be used to
strengthen our relationship to our modern understanding of mathematics, science, history and
civil rights (Figure 4). These topics could be celebrated at the solstices and equinoxes to get them
in equal distance from each other, so that all the periods without celebrations are equally long.
Mathematics
Winter solstice
Science
Vernal equinox
Civil Rights
Summer equinox
History
Autumnal solstice
Year 12017
Figure 4: A proposal for celebrations that might be better suited for today.
Bibliography
[1] United Nations, “World population prospects.” https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/.
[2] C. Emiliani, “Calendar reform,” Nature, vol. 366, p. 716, dec 1993.